Turkish Straits

The term Turkish Straits (Turkish: Türk Boğazları) in northwestern Turkey refers to the two narrow straits that connect the Sea of Marmara with the Aegean arm of the Mediterranean Sea on the one side and the Black Sea on the other. They are conventionally considered as the boundary between the continents of Europe and Asia. The Turkish Straits are an international waterway, governed since 1936 by the Montreux Convention.

  • The Bosporus (in Turkish Boğaziçi or İstanbul Boğazı, "Istanbul Strait"), about 30 km long and only 700 m wide, connects the Sea of Marmara with the Black Sea in the north. It runs right through the city of Istanbul, making it a city located on two continents. It is crossed by two suspension bridges, the (Bosphorus Bridge and the Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge), with a rail tunnel currently under construction (Marmaray).
  • The Dardanelles (in Turkish Çanakkale Boğazı, "Çanakkale Strait"), 68 km long and 1.2 km wide, connects the Sea of Marmara with the Mediterranean in the southwest, near the city of Çanakkale. They were historically also known as the Hellespont, and they were the scene of the Battle of Gallipoli during the First World War.

Passages through the Turkish Straits are controled by VTS.
http://www.kiyiemniyeti.gov.tr/default.asp?id=0&lng=en

VTS Guide and Sample SP1 form are attached.

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